How would you choose the King of the Castles? Is it a beauty contest? A matter of size, ambition or preservation?

Or, is it the stories they tell you about what went on behind their walls?



I was barely out of high school when I moved to a small German town less than 3 km from Salzburg, Austria. Thirty years later, it is the grand white castle called Hohensalzburg that dominates my imagination of Salzburg (just as it dominated the city in its shadow). “High Salzburg Fortress,” the largest medieval castle in Europe, was the King of the Castles for me then.


I’ve seen a lot of castles in a number of European countries since my time in Austria and it has grown more difficult to judge “the King”. They are all unique in their own beauty, their perched views, and the complex histories (and fables) they tell. It is simply not true that if you see one castle, you’ve seen them all.


Slovenia is lesser known to tourism and its preserved castles aren’t judged on the worldwide stage alongside the fortified residences of Germany, Italy, England and France. However, as with any European region, there are plenty of amazing opportunities to explore the age of lords and ladies, dragons and knights, stones and swords.


Here are a few castles in Slovenia that we think are fit for a king!



Ljubljana Castle



The view: 360 degree views of Slovenia’s capital city and surrounding valley

Height: 400 meters

First mentioned: 1161

Claim to fame: Its funicular transport (Get to the top in 10 minutes from the city center).

Inside the castle walls: Art exhibitions, cultural events, Slovenian history museum, puppet museum, gifts shops, cafes and fine restaurants


Predjama Castle



The view: Overlooks the fertile Karstic Valley

Height: 123 meters

First mentioned: 1274

Key feature: Built within a cave mouth and on top of mysterious tunnels

Claim(s) to fame: Guinness Book – Largest cave castle in the world; Jackie Chan’s “Armour of God” was filmed here

Inside the castle walls: A network of cave passageways to explore, an armory and history of weaponry, a restaurant




Bled Castle



The view: Castle terraces offer spectacular views of Lake Bled, the island, the Karavanke mountain range, Julian Alps, and the wider countryside of the Gorenjska region

Height: 130 meters

First mentioned: 1011

Key Features: Double structure

Claim to fame: Oldest and most visited castle in Slovenia

Inside the castle walls: A restaurant with a spectacular view, featuring fine local dishes, a museum collection, a castle chapel built in the 16th century, a hands-on experience in castle printmaking, wax and iron works



Ptuj Castle



The view: Overlooks the town of Ptuj and the Drava River

First mentioned: The tower left from the first fortification is likely from the 9th century

Key feature: Ptuj-Ormož Regional Museum

Claim to fame: The oldest secular building in Slovenia is its western tower

Inside the castle walls: Musical instruments collection, weapons collection, period furniture and tapestries, paintings (Gothic and Baroque), carnival masks, and folk costumes



Otočec Castle



The view: Krka River, thick forests and lush meadows

First Mentioned: 1252

Key Feature: located on a small island in the middle of the Krka River, joined to the mainland by wooden bridges

Claim to fame: The only water castle in all of Slovenia; The writer Ivan Tavčar set two of his novels at the castle, Otok and Struga and Janez Sonce

Inside the castle: A 5-star hotel, extensive wine cellar, a golf course


If you’ve been to Slovenia’s castles, which one is your favorite and why?